Brain Function and… Erections
Important for youngsters
Check yourself with a measuring tape
1. Tchernof, A. and J.P. Despres, Pathophysiology of human visceral obesity: an update. Physiol Rev, 2013. 93(1): p. 359-404.
2. Casanueva, F.F., et al., Relationship of abdominal obesity with cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia in Spain. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf), 2010. 73(1): p. 35-40.
3. Lee, S.Y., et al., The impact of obesity on subclinical coronary atherosclerosis according to the risk of cardiovascular disease. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2014. 22(7): p. 1762-8.
4. Pladevall, M., et al., A single factor underlies the metabolic syndrome: a confirmatory factor analysis. Diabetes Care, 2006. 29(1): p. 113-22.
5. Reaven, G.M., The metabolic syndrome: is this diagnosis necessary? Am J Clin Nutr, 2006. 83(6): p. 1237-47.
6. Bryhni, B., et al., Age or waist as determinant of insulin action? Metabolism, 2003. 52(7): p. 850-7.
7. Sahakyan, K.R., et al., Normal-Weight Central Obesity: Implications for Total and Cardiovascular Mortality. Ann Intern Med, 2015. 163(11): p. 827-35.
8. Vega, G.L., et al., Influence of body fat content and distribution on variation in metabolic risk. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2006. 91(11): p. 4459-66.
9. Pischon, T., et al., General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. N Engl J Med, 2008. 359(20): p. 2105-20.
10. Balkau, B., et al., International Day for the Evaluation of Abdominal Obesity (IDEA): a study of waist circumference, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes mellitus in 168,000 primary care patients in 63 countries. Circulation, 2007. 116(17): p. 1942-51.
11. Ghandehari, H., et al., Abdominal obesity and the spectrum of global cardiometabolic risks in US adults. Int J Obes (Lond), 2009. 33(2): p. 239-48.
12. Dhaliwal, S.S. and T.A. Welborn, Central obesity and multivariable cardiovascular risk as assessed by the Framingham prediction scores. Am J Cardiol, 2009. 103(10): p. 1403-7.
13. Britton, K.A., et al., Body fat distribution, incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all-cause mortality. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2013. 62(10): p. 921-5.
14. Cerhan, J.R., et al., A pooled analysis of waist circumference and mortality in 650,000 adults. Mayo Clin Proc, 2014. 89(3): p. 335-45.
15. Willette, A.A. and D. Kapogiannis, Does the brain shrink as the waist expands? Ageing Res Rev, 2015. 20: p. 86-97.
16. Besiroglu, H., A. Otunctemur, and E. Ozbek, The relationship between metabolic syndrome, its components, and erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of observational studies. J Sex Med, 2015. 12(6): p. 1309-18.
17. Janiszewski, P.M., I. Janssen, and R. Ross, Abdominal obesity and physical inactivity are associated with erectile dysfunction independent of body mass index. J Sex Med, 2009. 6(7): p. 1990-8.
18. Sanjay, S., et al., Metabolic syndrome: An independent risk factor for erectile dysfunction. Indian J Endocrinol Metab, 2015. 19(2): p. 277-82.
19. Corona, G., et al., Erectile dysfunction and central obesity: an Italian perspective. Asian J Androl, 2014. 16(4): p. 581-91.
20. Kaya, E., S.C. Sikka, and S. Gur, A comprehensive review of metabolic syndrome affecting erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med, 2015. 12(4): p. 856-75.
21. De Larochelliere, E., et al., Visceral/epicardial adiposity in nonobese and apparently healthy young adults: association with the cardiometabolic profile. Atherosclerosis, 2014. 234(1): p. 23-9.
22. Clemente, G., et al., Visceral adiposity and subclinical atherosclerosis in healthy young men. Int J Food Sci Nutr, 2015. 66(4): p. 466-70.
23. Okosun, I.S., et al., Abdominal adiposity in U.S. adults: prevalence and trends, 1960-2000. Prev Med, 2004. 39(1): p. 197-206.
24. Ford, E.S., L.M. Maynard, and C. Li, Trends in mean waist circumference and abdominal obesity among US adults, 1999-2012. JAMA, 2014. 312(11): p. 1151-3.
25. Freedman, D.S. and E.S. Ford, Are the recent secular increases in the waist circumference of adults independent of changes in BMI? Am J Clin Nutr, 2015. 101(3): p. 425-31.
26. Stevens, J., E.G. Katz, and R.R. Huxley, Associations between gender, age and waist circumference. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2010. 64(1): p. 6-15.
27. Grundy, S.M., et al., Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Scientific Statement. Circulation, 2005. 112(17): p. 2735-52.
28. Ross, R., et al., Does the relationship between waist circumference, morbidity and mortality depend on measurement protocol for waist circumference? Obes Rev, 2008. 9(4): p. 312-25.
29. Klein, S., et al., Waist circumference and cardiometabolic risk: a consensus statement from Shaping America's Health: Association for Weight Management and Obesity Prevention; NAASO, The Obesity Society; the American Society for Nutrition; and the American Diabetes Association. Am J Clin Nutr, 2007. 85(5): p. 1197-202.
30. Mason, C. and P.T. Katzmarzyk, Variability in waist circumference measurements according to anatomic measurement site. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2009. 17(9): p. 1789-95.
31. Willis, L.H., et al., Minimal versus umbilical waist circumference measures as indicators of cardiovascular disease risk. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2007. 15(3): p. 753-9.
32. Wang, J., et al., Comparisons of waist circumferences measured at 4 sites. Am J Clin Nutr, 2003. 77(2): p. 379-84.
33. Despres, J.P., Waist circumference as a vital sign in cardiology 20 years after its initial publication in the American Journal of Cardiology. Am J Cardiol, 2014. 114(2): p. 320-3.
Medical Writer & Nutritionist
University of Stockholm & Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Baylor University, TX, USA
Latest from Monica
- Hematocrit (blood thickness) elevation following testosterone therapy – does it increase risk of blood clots?
- Is there a protective role of testosterone against high-grade prostate cancer?
- Effects of testosterone treatment on body fat, lean mass, symptoms and leptin resistance in obese men on a calorie-restricted diet
- Long-Term Testosterone Therapy Improves Cardiometabolic Function and Reduces Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: Real-Life Results
- Exercise – much more than just a calorie burning tool